DOI: 10.1007/s12640-017-9715-z Pages: 94-106
Article Type: ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Antidepressant-Like Effect of the Endogenous Neuroprotective Amine, 1MeTIQ in Clonidine-Induced Depression: Behavioral and Neurochemical Studies in Rats

1. Institute of Pharmacology Polish Academy of Sciences, Department of Neurochemistry

Correspondence to:
Lucyna Antkiewicz-Michaluk
Email: antkiew@if-pan.krakow.pl

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Abstract

Biogenic amines such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin play a well-described role in the treatment of mood disorders especially depression. Animal models are widely used to study antidepressant-like effect in rodents; however, it should be taken into account that pharmacological models do not always answer to the complexity of the disease processes. This study verified the behavioral (forced swim test (FST), locomotor activity test) and neurochemical effects (monoamines metabolism) of a low dose of clonidine (0.1 mg/kg i.p.) which was used as an experimental model of depression. In such pharmacological model, we investigated the antidepressant-like effect of an endogenous neuroprotective amine, 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1MeTIQ) administered in a dose of 25 mg/kg (i.p.) before clonidine in the behavioral and neurochemical tests carried out in rats. The behavioral study has shown that clonidine produced depression in the locomotor activity test but did not cause pro-depressive effect in the FST. 1MeTIQ produced antidepressant-like effect in the FST and completely antagonized clonidine-induced sedation in the locomotor activity test. Neurochemical data demonstrated that clonidine produced a significant inhibition of monoamine metabolism in the central nervous system. The release of dopamine, noradrenaline, and serotonin as well as the rate of their metabolism were diminished in the investigated brain structures (frontal cortex, hypothalamus, and striatum). 1MeTIQ completely antagonized the clonidine-induced depression of monoaminergic systems and restored their levels to the control values. 1MeTIQ as an endogenous neuroprotective compound with a distinct antidepressant-like activity in rodents produces hope on the efficiency of antidepressant medicines for future practical clinical use.

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  • Accepted: Feb 27, 2017
  • Online: Apr 3, 2017
  • Revised: Feb 19, 2017

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